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Activity-based energy and mobility modeling.

for the cities of the future

To achieve energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, while coping with increasing urbanization and population growth, cities around the world need to find optimal strategies to transform local energy use and supply. It is necessary to be able to study the effects of different urban designs, policy measures and the diffusion of new technologies on the energy performance of entire cities.

In this initiative, we are developing an Urban Building Mobility and Energy Model (UBMEM) that can be used to simulate the energy use of neighborhoods and cities and study how it is affected in different future scenarios. Digital technologies are used to collect large datasets of urban residents' mobility patterns. These data, in combination with meteorological data, LiDAR data and other GIS-based data, are used as input to the UBMEM model.

The results of the initiative include new knowledge, new simulation models and data, and case studies demonstrating the model in Swedish cities (Uppsala and Borlänge) that show how the methodology can be put to practical use in urban planning.


  • Project leader: Joakim Widén, Uppsala University
  • Partners: Uppsala University, Dalarna University, KTH, WSP, Vattenfall R&D, Borlänge Energi, Borlänge Municipality.
  • Total budget: SEK 7 886 801
  • Grant applied for: SEK 4 409 448
  • Start date: 2019-01-01
  • End date: 2021-12-31
  • Type of action: research
  • Keywords: energy, buildings, transportation, mobility, activities, urban planning, modeling.

More about the initiative

Scientific articles

Fatemeh Johari, Giuseppe Peronato, Paria Sadeghian, Xiaoyun Zhao, Joakim Widén, Urban building energy modeling: State of the art and future prospects, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 128 (2020) 109902.

Fatemeh Johari, Annica Nilsson, Magnus Åberg, Joakim Widén, Towards Urban Building Energy Modeling: A Comparison of Available Tools, Proceedings of the eceee 2019 Summer Study, Presqu'île de Giens, France, June 3-8, 2019.

Degree projects

Lukas Dahlström, Building Archetype Development for Urban-Scale Energy Simulation of Existing City Districts, Division of Civil Engineering and Built Environment, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Uppsala University, 2020.